A Comprehensive Review on Rising Concern of Transmission Potential of Monkeypox Virus on Healthcare System


  • Rajat Goyal MM School of Pharmacy, Maharishi Markandeshwar University, Sadopur-Ambala, Haryana, India; MM College of Pharmacy, Maharishi Markandeshwar (Deemed to be University), Mullana-Ambala, Haryana, India
  • Mohini Devi Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, Haryana, India
  • Rupesh K. Gautam Department of Pharmacology, Indore Institute of Pharmacy, IIST Campus, Opposite IIM Indore, Rau-Pithampur Road, Indore – 453331 (M.P.), India
  • Sumeet Gupta MM College of Pharmacy, Maharishi Markandeshwar (Deemed to be University), Mullana-Ambala, Haryana, India




Monkeypox virus, Healthcare system, Transmission potential, Epidemiology, Global Health, Smallpox, Orthopoxvirus


Over the past few years, the countries of the world have been afflicted with numerous infectious ailments. As the terror of the COVID-19 disease widespread decreases, nations throughout the world are facing the terror of the epidemic surrounding the pervasiveness of the geographical spread of human monkeypox cases worldwide. Thus, several approaches to decimate the rising spread of the monkeypox virus (MPXV) are warranted. MPXV cases received global attention during the 1970s, emanating from Africa has fully-fledged to be a universal concern with MPXV cases reported in Israel, Singapore, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Monkeypox appears as a zoonotic viral disease that is instigated via the monkeypox virus recognized as the most critical orthopoxviral infection in humans. Transmission of the monkeypox virus to human beings is alleged to occur via direct exposure to infected animals or it can probably be transmitted via consuming infected meat, or blood. The transmission from human to human takes place through the respiratory route (droplets), virus-contaminated material, and direct contact (skin-to-skin or sexual). This disease may be caused several difficulties including, headache, fever, malaise, back pain, rash, and lymphadenopathies. Presently, there is no proven therapy for its treatment, thus monkeypox virus is considered a major threat to global health security. In this review, we discussed the transmission potential of the monkeypox virus on the healthcare system, its epidemiology, mode of transmission, and different diagnostic, preventive, and treatment approaches. © 2022 Caproslaxy Media. All rights reserved.


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Author Biography

Rajat Goyal, MM School of Pharmacy, Maharishi Markandeshwar University, Sadopur-Ambala, Haryana, India; MM College of Pharmacy, Maharishi Markandeshwar (Deemed to be University), Mullana-Ambala, Haryana, India

1MM School of Pharmacy, Maharishi Markandeshwar University, Sadopur-Ambala, Haryana, India

2MM College of Pharmacy, Maharishi Markandeshwar (Deemed to be University), Mullana-Ambala, Haryana, India


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How to Cite

Goyal, R., Devi, M., Gautam, R. K., & Gupta, S. (2022). A Comprehensive Review on Rising Concern of Transmission Potential of Monkeypox Virus on Healthcare System. Indo Global Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 12, 265–272. https://doi.org/10.35652/IGJPS.2022.12035



Review Article